Reg No : BMH-4-00385-2016-17
Registered under Public Trust Act
WHO ARE TRIBAL?
Tribal peoples are often known as adivasi, janajati, hunter-gatherers, or hill tribes.
The tribes of India constitute 8.2% of the total population. Our country has the largest number of tribes as compared to any other country. There are a variety of groups of tribes. According to the Anthropological Survey of India, there are 461 tribal communities, out of which 174 were identify as sub-groups.
In many regions, tribal groups lived by hunting animals and gathering forest produce. They used many forest shrubs and herbs for medicinal purpose. They sold forest produce in the local markets.
Some tribes have been more isolated than others but at least in the interior areas where the bulk of the tribal population is to found none has been completely free from the influence of civilization. Also, we can say that areas wise there are various problems bit similarity is there. The tribal population, where alcohol intake is culturally accepted, can have different beliefs and attributes causing one to take alcohol.
THE PROBLEMS OF TRIBES
The problems faced by tribes are poverty, illiteracy, identity crisis etc.
In general, the problems of the Indian tribes can be discussed under the following heads:
- Loss of Control over Natural Resources.
- Lack of Education.
- Displacement and Rehabilitation.
- Problems of Health and Nutrition.
- Gender Issues.
- Erosion of Identity.
- Disease and unemployment
Poverty is a main disease of tribes. There are various causes behind this problem. Due to poverty, we can see high crime,death rate, physical and psychological disorders have been facing by tribes. Economic and modern life style forced them to come out to get mixed with modern generation, but did not get proper attention and respect of their culture so most of them still live in below poverty line.
HEALTH AND RELATED ISSUES
Access to health services becomes more difficult in tribal areas as the roads are poor or non existent. There is a lack of public/private transport and ambulance services and, additionally, telephone network does not reach many areas reliably. Language/social barriers and the lack of access to money etc.
Tribal people suffer chronic disease like water and air born and also due to alcoholism liver problems are high. They used many
LACK OF MEDICAL FACILITIES
Lack of medical facilities and awareness still tribes are using their traditional methods like forest shrubs and herbs for medicinal purpose. The main diseases are Malaria, Malnutrition, Child mortality, Maternal health problems, Family planning and Infertility, Addiction and Mental Health issues, Sickle cell disease, Animal bites and Accidents, low health literacy.
Education is very long to tribes. Lack of transport facilities. The system of education is not in a well-developed. The main areas that have been taken into account in this tribal education, challenges experienced by tribal students in acquisition of education, and measures to enhance tribal education.
Child abuse and exploitation are very common in tribes communicatees. Childs are neglected and avoided from their basic human rights.in spite of education they involve in various types of works with their parents.
Programms of Tribal Development
As we all know tribal development is a vast and complex issue, which is multidimensional. Health, Education, skill development, nutrition and social infrastructure are important elements in the development process.
To Improve tribal populations access to Health, Education, skill development, Nutrition and Social infrastructure we must conduct the following social awareness programms.
- Awareness of Education.
- Raising Awareness of Health Issues.
- Bringing Health Services to Remote Population.